All writings published by academic journals, conferences or book publishers are not scientific or peer-reviewed but one publication channel can include both refereed and non-refereed publications. The first step to take is to determine whether a publication is, indeed, scientific and peer-reviewed as defined in the data collection by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
In order to meet the scientific criterion, a peer-reviewed publication must contain new research results in a form that is publicly available, reproducible and utilisable. In turn, to be considered peer-reviewed, a scientific publication must be subject to an advance evaluation made by independent experts and performed on the entire manuscript. A publication must always have an external publisher; author’s editions are not considered as publications.
- An article in a journal (A1 and A2) refers to peer-reviewed articles published in journals, annals or other periodicals.
- An article in a compilation (A3) refers to peer-reviewed articles, or an introduction or a preface published in edited books consisting of writings by several authors.
- A conference paper (A4) refers to peer-reviewed articles (excluding abstracts or posters etc.) published in the proceedings of regularly organised scientific conferences, typical in Technology and Computer and Information Science. Articles in compilations of one-off events will be recorded as articles in compilations (A3) while peer-reviewed articles based on conference papers and published in journals qualify as articles in journals (A1).
- Monograph (C1) refers to a peer-reviewed work written by one or several authors (excluding textbooks or manuals etc.)